Numbers And Counting In Thai - Thai Language

The Thai language has its own set of numerals, although the standard Arabic/Western numerals are much more commonly encountered. You may come across the Thai numerals in government and official documents, legal documents, religious texts, page numbers of textbooks or generally anything related to Thai tradition or history. When doing mathematics, Thai students will typically use the Arabic numerals for doing calculations but will write the answer in Thai numerals.

A common use for the Thai numerals that you're likely to see is in double pricing situations, where a price for Thais is written in Thai numerals whereas the more expensive price for foreigners is written in Arabic numerals. If you can learn the Thai numerals, your chances of being able to only pay the Thai price are much improved!

Counting in Thai is relatively straightforward, and by memorising only 17 words you can count into the millions. Due to the frequent need to haggle prices in Thailand, knowing the numbers and being able to count comes in very useful. The numbers 1-10, shown below, form the basis of all the others.



Arabic Numerals
Thai Numerals
Pronunciation
0
ศูนย์ sŏon
1
หนึ่ง nèung
2
สอง sŏng
3
สาม săam
4
สี่ sèe
5
ห้า hâa
6
หก hòk
7
เจ็ด jèt
8
แปด bpàet
9
เก้า gâo
10
๑๐
สิบ sìp

Numbers 12 - 19 are the same as 2-9 except with the number ten , สิบ ( sìp ), in front of them. 11 is slightly different, as from 11 onwards whenever หนึ่ง ( nèung , the number 1) is the last word in a number it becomes เอ็ด ( èt ) instead.

Arabic Numerals
Thai Numerals
Pronunciation
11
๑๑
สิบเอ็ด sìp èt
12
๑๒
สิบสอง sìp sŏng
13
๑๓
สิบสาม sìp săam
14
๑๔
สิบสี่ sìp sèe
15
๑๕
สิบห้า sìp hâa
16
๑๖
สิบหก sìp hòk
17
๑๗
สิบเจ็ด sìp jèt
18
๑๘
สิบแปด sìp bpàet
19
๑๙
สิบเก้า sìp gâo
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